Abstract: Professionals such as doctors are believed to possess special skills and responsibilities. They are expected to work for the betterment of the society by acting in accordance with the standards established by law, in their respective fields. Nevertheless, there are times when such respected citizens act negligently. The brunt of this negligence is born by people dependent on them. As a student of law, I often come across cases of negligence on part of professionals such as doctors and nurses, where their negligence proves to have disastrous consequences.Article 21 grants us the fundamental right to life. Anyone who endangers our life and causes us bodily injury violates this right which according to the laws of our country is a punishable offence. In this article I will discuss one such punishable offence called medical negligence. A 2017 study by the Harvard University showed that 5000000 deaths occur in India due to medical errors. The reason being a lack of practical knowledge among medical professionals.